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Dates in Hellenistic texts

Dates in Hellenistic Uruk legal texts are given at the end of the document following the scribe's name.

HBTIN TEI includes a discourse marker @colophon prior to the scribe's name.

NPL for the date formula:

UNUG {ki}  {iti} [MONTH NAME] U4 [n]-KAM2 MU [n]-KAM2 [ROYAL NAME] (optional: 'u' [ROYAL NAME2], optional 'DUMU SZU' (his son, indicating a second ruler, not a sucessive era)) LUGAL(-MESZ)

where:
n-KAM2: numeric day/year number followed by string literal suffix
U4 = day (string literal)
MU = year (string literal)
LUGAL(-MESZ) = king(s)

UNUG{k\i}= Uruk  (place name designator)

 

Month names:

#Usual orthographyAkkadian Month name
1BARA2Nisannu
2GU4Ayyaru
3SIG4Simanu
4SZUDuzu
5NE

Abu

6KINUlulu
7DU6Taszritu
8APINArashszamnu
9GANKislimu
10ABTebetu
11ZIZ2SZabat
12SZEAddaru
13

DIRI.SZE

or

DIRI.SZE.KIN.KU5.DA

Addaru atru
Royal Names
Selucus
Antiochus
Alexander
Arsaces
Demetrios
Philip
X

 

 

string literal month marker, Month Name

With the exception of the early Seleucid (or Macedonian) period, royal names in the Hellenistic cuneiform corpus are primarily Antiochus or Seleucus. The chronology of the reigns is well-known and the dates for each can be seen here.

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  1. If you'd prefer a list of the reigns instead of the link to livius.org, let me know.  I was testing my ability to put links into the docs.