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This wiki space contains archival documentation of Project Bamboo, April 2008 - March 2013.

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Group 1b-A

(1b-comuc, 1b-comuc2)

Uncommonalities: Producing [collecting] Non-Traditional Materials (and Non-Traditional Audiences)
•    Problem of evaluation
•    Aesthetic of "good enough"
•    Non-traditional scholars
•    Hyper-linked texts
•    Web archives
•    Dynamic texts (only snapshots possible)
•    Virtual environments
•    Machinima
•    Mash-ups
•    Data sets
•    Query results

Foraging
•    You go do
•    Digging
•    We have to do it too much of it now (because of lack of standards)
o    Different ways of seeing
•    Personal
•    Different taxonomies/typologies
•    Theoretical
•    Experimental
•    (Problem of) searching
o    Recreation of data
•    Nothing need be thrown away
•    What's reliable
o    Disciplinary thesaurus/map (API)
•    Added to Dublin Core

Group 1b-B

(1b-comuc3-6)

•    Commonalities
o    Intellectual networking
o    Self-interest
•    Traditional networking
o    Conferences, seminars
o    Institutes, advisors
•    New forms
o    Mailing lists > new behaviors
o    Social networking practices
o    Start young > carry these over
o    Larger groups
•    Contrast production networks w/ academic interests > "temporary organizations"
•    Self-interest, look, path (question) up
•    Uncommon Practices
o    "Fieldwork"
o    "Folklore"
o    Primary data, not all goes into disc.
•    What happened to "unpublished data'?
•    Sciences "waste data" (question)
•    Sciences - collaborative, complementary data collection + sharing
o    Funding fieldwork is difficult < not yet cited/published -> tension
•    Ncslapp.lib.ncsu.edu
•    Fieldwork done "in the world" w/ soft methods
•    Collective creation of primary documents
•    Requires ethical responsibility + reciprocity
•    Requires archives, processing, access
o    Requires academic and public constituencies
o    Results in varied productions: print, exhibits, media, events
o    Humanist doing fieldwork both creator + critic interpreter
o    AND a public humanist (folklorist, historian, linguist, ethnomusicologist)

Group 1b-C

(1b-comuc7-10)

T = task
W = what

Discovery
•    Google + similar (T)
•    Googling (T)
•    Read (T)
•    Search (T)
•    Follow cites (T)
•    Selective search (1 + A) (Bounded collection) (T)
•    Texts - Resource (W)
•    Non-textual resource (W)
•    People (W)
•    Archives-resource (W)
•    Tools (W)
•    Facilitate, discoverability, exposure
o    Discoverability
o    Description
o    Metadata
o    Mark-up
o    Tags
o    Annotation
•    Finding aids - physical (T)
•    Rooting around (T)
•    Writing as discovery (T)
•    Speaking as discovery (T)
•    Conversation (T)
•    Play (productive) (T)
•    Experimenting (T)
•    Mining (T)
•    Visualization (T)
•    Clustering (T)
•    Pattern extraction (T)
•    Browse (T)
•    Exposure: hypertext links
•    Fieldwork (e.g. digs, interviews, oral histories, videos, etc.) (T)
•    Discovery of outliers (T)
•    Exposure: semantic web
•    Natural language processing (T)
•    Topic modeling (T)
•    Known item search vs. discovery (T)
•    Reappraisal (T)
•    Direct content search (T)
•    Identification (T)
•    Association (T)
•    Restriction: Access control
•    Restriction: Privacy
•    Exposure: Translation
•    Exposure: OCR
•    Exposure: OMR
•    Exposure: Digitization

Group 1b-D

(1b-comuc11-12)

Archiving + data "hygiene"
Hygiene = "keeping"
•    The product is the enemy of the good
•    But "good" varies according to the collection
•    User determines what is good
•    Active...
o    ...user-driven datakeeping (wikis)
•    Culturally biased
o    ... distributed proofreading
o    ... correct errors (needs expertise)
o    ... add metadata levels (needs expertise)
o    ... add value - e.g. name authorities
o    ... data interchange - Bamboo TBI?
o    ... ease of contribution for scholars
Archiving
•    Archived texts can be corrected (question)
•    Versions retained
•    Relationship between Bamboo archive and Internet Archive
•    Will material to be archived be selected? What gets archived?
•    Redefine "archive"
•    Non-text archiving requires refreshment often
•    Need to support certain specifications over the long term
•    Should extremely large collections be digitized - more valuable for search than reading
•    Disciplinary + institutional repositories

Group 1b-E

(1b-comuc13)

Delivery/presentation/dissemination
Delivery
•    Building different interfaces into digital resources based on policy + audience
•    Repackaging based on user/community needs
•    Creating a good foundation to promote more effective delivery of info
o    Architecture that allows indexing, search, discovery
o    Flexible structure
•    (Make use of existing structures)
•    Storytelling/oral tradition (story core, history makers)
•    Make it relevant
•    Articulate it
•    Information visualization

Group 1b-F

(1b-comuc14)

What can we smash?
•    Boundaries
o    Academe & public
o    Disciplinary
o    Teaching/research/service
o    Teaching & learning
o    Faculty & staff
•    Genres of publication/dissemination
•    Promotion & tenure models
•    Understanding of faculty/student relationships
•    Perceptions of undergrads
•    Perceptions of libraries & IT
•    Paradigm of print

Group 1b-G

(1b-comuc16)

Recreating past methods (historical, recent)
•    What audience - original, scholarly, virtual
•    What substances needed
•    What cultures can be reclaimed, reanimated?
To what end?
•    To understand the past
•    To study the past in different disciplines
•    Amped up old methods?
•    Archive current methods for future studies of the past?
•    Capture past practices to reconsider concs (question) and to understand diff's in present?
•    To create meta or hyper text with historical distinction
Standards for
•    Selection
•    Correction
Replicate with difference, repurposing models

Group 1b-H

(1b-comuc18)

Authority & validation
•    Peer review
•    Performance review
•    Community judgment
•    (Related to a product)
Non-Individual, vetting process
•    Process
•    Standards

Group 1b-I

(1b-comuc17)

Smashing
•    Literal - breaking & remaking
•    Figurative - questioning established forms
•    "Recognizing what becomes invisible"
•    Ownership of ideas - changing the culture
•    Change is slow, so we need a better balance
Confessing stupidity > feedback loops to improve > accountability
•    Learning from mistakes
•    "Digital disaster"
•    Exploring dead ends
Accounting
•    Final report
•    Peer review
•    Critique
•    Public response
•    Inviting participating by acknowledging boundaries of knowledge
Intervention
Prototyping

Group 1c-A

(pb1c-006, pb1c-066)

*  Understand messy context
    * Choose approach
    * "Knock head against material"
    * Group material
    * ID regularities
    * ID departures from each norm
    * Explain departures
    * Reformulate norm
    * Publish reformulation
    * Engage in debate
    * (Start over)
    * ID+ challenge categories, hypothesis, meaning

*  Uncommon practice
          o Inspiration
                + Capture, preserve, re-use
                + Provide resources
          o BUT
          o "The one thing I need is time"
          o AND
          o Individuals need resources + places +...
          o BUT
          o Not everyone needs the same
          o SO
          o Nurturing is necessarily uncommon
    * -> Get funders to understand this diversity of type + scale

Group 1c-B

(pbc-007, 065)

Creation
    * Scheduling / Funding
    * Write books
          o Locating materials
          o Virtual?
                + Research in situ
                + Travel
                + Obtain access
                + Use search tools (catalogs, Google)
                + Assemble fragments
          o Annotate
                + Collecting materials
                + Synthesizing materials
                + Organizing materials
          o Editing
          o Reading
          o Visiting places
          o Talking to people (colleagues, students, et. al.)
          o Teach the subject
    * Audit/view visual/audio materials
    * Transform formats for access or conservation
    * Curate materials
    * Preserve materials
    * Store/retrieve publications
    * Provide tools for access & use of materials to A&H scholars
    * Copying in the course of an evolving understanding of materials
          o Clear IP/rights issues

Modeling & visualization/sonification

    * Making the invisible visible
    * Show & tell (other than through text)
    * Integrate vs. pre-determined
    * Changeable modalities of representation
    * Virtual unification of physically disparate materials/objects
    * Exploring under surfaces
    * Visually model a narrative
    * Hu-tube (Humanities YouTube)

Model/Visualization

    * Archaeological sites
    * Theatre stage sets
    * Virtual sculpture
    * Tele-immersive done/other performers
    * Narrative/historical events - library
    * Geographic locations
    * Buildings (including unrealized designs)
    * Soundscapes (to represent spatial structures)
    * Computer Art
    * "Puzzling" - making virtual whole from parts

Group 1c-C

(pb1c-010 - 011, pb1c-072-074)

 Commonality: finding & comparing

    * Serendipity
    * Narrowing in
    * Institution (rumor; follow a track)
    * Obsession
    * Fuzzy finding
    * Precise finding
    * Incidents of evidence vs. corpus
    * Build a personal [bricolage] corpus
          o Iterative exclusion & inclusion
          o Consult with specialist
          o Consult with peer
          o Hunch
          o Eureka!
          o Uncertainty
          o Evidence
          o Validation
          o Changing nature of arguments
          o Limitations of tools
          o Evaluate discoveries
          o Disputation
    * What is the recipe? Is there a recipe?
    * Does methodology documentation 'count' as research?

*  What is uncommon?
    * What does this mean?
          o Unsystematic systems
          o Personality
          o Might look more like art
          o More to life than a corpus?
          o Can you mark up for color?
    * See pb1c-072 for diagram graphing easy/hard and needed/unneeded
    * Black swans and outliers
    * Unexpected use - paleography, genealogy
    * Assembling shards
    * Finding unpublished materials
    * Asking individuals to map their experiences
    * (finding new sources of material)
    * Non-indexed materials
    * Discovering your archive
    * Is the whole of the humanities curious?
    * Relationship between art + research [artists don't have to care about the facts]
    * Are there other ways to write history?
    * Are we all just here because of a (powerful) metaphor?
    * Or is it all about resources?
    * Is it just a matter of being discipline-specific?
    * Common corpus varies
    * "The uncommon is often the case"

Group 1c-D

(pb1c-067-069)

*  Issues
          o Need for spatiality
          o Personal use project
          o Scholarship
          o Limiting cost for the personal
          o Is there a reward to digitize?
    * Burden of digitization / use of hybrid materials
    * Types of hybrid materials
          o Manuscripts
          o Scores
          o Images
          o Disparity in metadata
          o Live interpretation
          o Recorded interpretation
    * Works easier for images because I might reuse them
    * If usable for teaching, I will digitize
    * Cost to access restricted images
    * Timeline - list (document)
          o Biographical
          o Topical
          o Date
    * We go to lowest common denominator - not always paper
    * Build shadow system
    * Social sharing of smaller online collections > personal information collections
    * + the ability to annotate (categories + tags)
    * "tagging + bagging" + ordering
 

Group 1d-A

(pb1d4-01 to -04)

(pb1d4-01)
How does faculty - library - IT collaboration work?

Infrastructure and collection building, e.g., ARTSTOR and JSTOR

What exists? | Where is a maintained IN/OUT library?

Where does Bamboo fit in/serve?

(pb1d4-02)
How does faculty - library - IT collaboration figure in individual teaching and research?
Consult/create/pres-diss. (Publisher?)
Institutional/social/scholarly/legal/financial mechanisms

Light Reading (vs. Closer)

Copy/Text citation        |
Highlighting            |
Marginalia/annotation        |
Browsing "the stacks"        |-------Quickly, with fluidity
Scan for main points        |
See context            |
Taking notes            |

(pb1d4-03)
Libraries and Faculty and IT working together:
-how do we decide what goes into a digital/institutional repository?
-should be addressed at the start of the project
-how do we establish structures to set control over such structures
-stability of citations is also a social function -> authority
-citation
-authentication
-analogues to chaos/confusion following print revolution?
                                -role for Bamboo
                                -reviews of digital tools?

(pb1d4-04)
How does the individual teaching/research interact with cycle?

Group 1d-B

(pb1d4-05 to -07)

(pb1d4-05)
"Unpacking"
1. Problem Def
2. Presentation

Define The Problem

Prliminary Identification
-investigate/validate
    -lit. review        |
-discussion        | <- problems at edge of discipline
-exposure of/to ideas    |
-Problem solved? Y/N
    -No - assemble data and resources
-Refined questions
    -Who?
    -Where?
    -[Scope]
**Recursive**

Scoping/Assemble Team and Data
-individual or partnership
    -in discipline
-interdiscipline
    -collaboration
Complicate the problem...

How to build a partnership and community

(pb1d4-06)

Issues:
Broaden and Narrow Scope
-How many people?
-How much interdiscipline
-Edge? What do you discard?
Models/Tension
-"Team" many people
-Solo - All in 1 person, 1 place

Boundary problems
-Discovering what is not recorded
-What is not being done
-Who is thinking about the same
-Incentives to cross boundaries?

(pb1d4-07)
Unpack

Presentation    -Audience
        -Accessible
    -Modes (1 or more)
        -Multiple (vary by discipline):
            -Paper/conference/talk
            -Poster
            -Book
            -Journal
            -Visual/Media
            -Performance
-Publisher Shaping
-Capacity/Resistance
-Editing - peer review + response
-Citation Management

Presentation/Issues:
-Intellectual Property Reuse
-Durability of form - preserve?
-Resistance to "new"    -publishers
            -field
-Accessibility - findable?
-Impact? - How to evaluate
-"Ancillary" - Bibliographies, datasets, unedited notes, trace paths
-Portability of product
-Defining responsibility (Beyond individuals)
-Limitations of any format
    -flipcharts, etc.

Group 1d-C

(pb1d4-08 to -12)

(pb1d4-08)
Interdisciplinary Collaboration

D. Editing (Google Apps)
B. Call person to collaborate with;
Find people to collaborate with
    -web presenter
    -reading pubs
    -prior contacts
C. Agree on how to frame the question
    -output

(pb1d4-09)
-Define languages and terms
    -What is the output of the collaboration?
-There may be a size component. How many people?
-Ambiguous methodology "valued" by Humanities.
        -How do you maintain the ambiguity when appropriate?

(pb1d4-10)
Social Networking Tools
-pronetos.com
-plaxo.com
-linkedin.com
    -Facebook/linkedin
How to determine who to collaborate with?
    "Peavining"
How to involve students? (undergrad and grad)
Are there challenges in sharing documents?
    -file space across institutions
    -checking in and out documents
    -change management/version controls

(pb1d4-11)
Collaboration with people outside
-academia
-humanities
-community of scholarship
"Crowd sourcing"
Outstanding issues
-Rights and permissions of data/content
"The problems should be finding us"

(pb1d4-12)
Bamboo as aggregation site for the tools that are out there
metafilter (website)

Group 1d-D

(pb1d4-13 to -16)

(pb1d4-13)
Using Tools to Make Associations
-Discover categories of contacts suggested by a scholarly object
-Review secondary literature
    -make new "relevant" associations in secondary literature
-Find patterns in text
-Set aside/Weed out unreliable, or undesired material (for a particular scholarly purpose)
    -distinguish peer-reviewed material vs. non-peer-reviewed
    -filter on trusted sources
-Find antecedents of a work
    -"genetic" sense of scholarship
-Order antecedents of a work
-Collecting comparanda
-Identify objects influenced by a work

(pb1d4-14)
(Make Associations con't)
-Recognize duplicates (or duplicate digitizations of a single thing)
-Identify "is a part of" or "is an instance of" relationships
-Identify cross-language relationships
-Recognize equivalencies (people, places, terms, etc.)
-Identify stylistic relationships

(pb1d4-15)
Represent/Re-create/Model
-Create schemata and databases
    -e.g., schema to teg(question)
-Create ontologies
-Create controlled vocabularies
-Form, test, reform hypotheses
    -Build predictive and descriptive models
-Journal Articles    Graph    ]
-Monographs            ] Make
-Visualizations        ]
-Physical Model        ]

(pb1d4-16)
-Enrich a "base" model w/additional layers of associations
-Enrich by looking at other models
-Transform/relate between models

Group 1d-E

(pb1d4-17)

1.    Identifying stakeholders, needs, authority...antipathy(question) , future stakeholders, needs
2.    Identify metadata schemata, workflows, tools to suit those audiences and fixing them when they break or change ("Shakespeare is never solved")
3.    SVN/Version as a model for dealing with these challenges that is well-suited for humanities - maintains ambiguity - managing arts and humanities collaboration

Group 1d-F

(pb1d4-18 to -30)

(pb1d4-18)
-Ambiguity - how to manage fuzziness.
    -currently - put in arbitrary place - may write article about it
        -attach "level of certainty" with a date
    -forensics with helping to sift
    -date as outcome of research
    -involve community scholars
-Assume infrastructure that understands data plots, etc.

(pb1d4-19)
Address antic. problems
Audiences
    potentially gen./non-profit audience
    (as distinct from sciences)
Acknowledged - horror of prof. human. toward non-professional
Sharing and harvesting
    Gen. search engines
    ORE

(pb1d4-20)
from Human. scholar -
    Aud. - bks, articles, (???) art.
    limits to this.
    Ex. Stanford getting out of bus. of Human. publishing
Therefore, Imp. of finding different vehicles/venues of publish. wk dif in disciplines.
    Peer review implications
    Ex. in Classics learned society pubs.

(pb1d4-21)
Extend to human. teaching and research
    ext audience.
Ac. publishing may die
    Therefore on-line is vehicle
    Therefore can be read with different layering for different audience
        Can already do
        Cost an issue
    Therefore publish - find audience and ask them for $
    Therefore publication as conversation

(pb1d4-22)
Current system failing
Ex. OED's subscription base.
22 M
    Wanting to change business model and wanting to allow citation digitally
vs.
    2006 - Aust. gift to nation of $2M - Dictionary of Biography
Ex. McPherson article on Lincoln
    vs. Wikipedia
    scholar concludes - McPherson writes better

(pb1d4-23)
1 Bil hrs. Wikipedia
Audience = author
    not strict consumer
Creative Commons license
    not under your control
?Bamboo assumption scholars will share authority?
    Ex. use case - is this open/closed?
?Can you make Wikipedia for my friends
Many ex. of locked down datasets.

(pb1d4-24)
-build in levels or authority/access
-how customizable is it
-credentialing (question) evaluate who's good/not good scalably
    -therefore palette of choices
    -from wiki to less open and different levels at different places
        -shift into publishing system
        -therefore strategy from wiki

(pb1d4-25)
Exit strategies:
-How to get out of wiki
-Modify level of access
-Define communities of people
    -profiles
    -ex. shibboleth
? Are we capturing product and process
Migration points
    shift concepts and migrate to new tech

(pb1d4-26)
-Wiki on top of repository contrib. to wiki - through my inst. repository
-Ex. video in IR
    -streaming server and get comments
-IRs that are aware of other services we don't want to re-build
-IR -    1. Turn over to institution
    2. Community repository
Policy ? of data collection about use - crossing after migration

(pb1d4-27)
ex. - OBD - could pt. to published bibliography in IR
? Exit for stuff we don't want to maintain?
Deposit agr. like Flckr selection
Spectacular failures
    Naming of parts

(pb1d4-28)
Ex. 10K named attributes
    -migrate impossible to translate into different system
    -therefore abstract IDs only
    -permanent IDs
Ex. TEI
    ? realized complex analysis we'd envisioned
Ex. Text mining - sell grad students
    while clock ticks -
        depending on the data -
    therefore Bamboo ethical to suggest possibility of research output

(pb1d4-29)
Exit strategy as reincarnation
    Can't preserve data - lets preserve scholar
    But what does Tibetan scholar come back as?
If we had IRB inhumanity - never get anything
    (catalogues)
Other failures
    Ex. Video project - first metadata
    Cleaned - made it offensive to videographers
    Ex. "entertainment" for religious subject

(pb1d4-30)
Ex. Nation Museum of Australia
    Azaria Chamberlain's dress
    Catalogued - w/context to story
    Multiple views
        Multiple mindsets

Group 1d-G

(pb1d4-31 to -35)

(pb1d4-31)
-How research questions are found, formulated, structured
    -Now vs. then
-Practice #1: Guide grad student to initial topic
    -Mine text enables
    -
-Old: registry of dissertation topics
    -Subject matter expert in library
        -Advised grad student
        -Vetted/trained? by faculty

(pb1d4-32)
-Practice #1 (cont'd) guide grad student to initial topic
    -Search
        -old:    +w/ MLA, go back year by year
            +comprehensive
-now: exhaustive search infeasible
-digitization of past works
    -hard to keep up, i.e., search
-how to filter, make sense of, search results
-ARTFL project example of search evolving with body of material
    -Collab. to modify them, another topic
    -Modify tools

(pb1d4-33)
-Wiki-professional (tool for distributed metadata creation and analysis)
-taxonomy/folksonomy
    -name authority; loc. vacating
    -facets, semantic web
    -e.g., contracts, cross-national, cross-cultural
-contextual filtering

(pb1d4-34)
-indexing
    -incomparability across fields
    -tool (human, algorithm)
    -reflection of author's interest?
    -subject tagging varies between disciplines
-annotation/extensibility
    -descriptive metadata with distributed authorship
-fashions in funding
    -movers and shakers decide funding priorities and acculturate grad students

(pb1d4-35)
-issue: how does a hit get near the top of the list?

----summation------
search for methodologies
---------------------------
-issue: regards don't incent proper attention on Qs and objects, e.g., improving search/discipline, digital objects
-digital skills valued outside Academia, only
-sociology of the professions
    -it does change over time

Group 1d-H

(pb1d4-36 to -38)

(pb1d4-36)
Theme 1:
Creating A Text to Data Store (As Secondary Sources)
-Defining question/inquiry
-Identifying primary material (rapid development)
-Making material 'digital'
-Defining data structure
-Developing schema
-Developing use cases
    -Exhibit development (diagram, tests, etc...)
-Identifying documentation tool
-Defining work product    -secondary source reference work
                -research project
-Identifying features of interest
-Leave 'hooks' in design to allow for future innovation/re-structuring/rapid development cycle for concepting
-Prototyping data structures (e.g., intermediate environments: diagram, spreadsheet)

(pb1d4-37)
Contd.:
-Building data model (based on exhibit and prototype data processes)
-Requirements gathering for structure and user interface
-Specification
    -developing phased project plans
-Compiling sample data set
-Defining query model
    -What do you want to ask?
    -Flexible interface for searching
-Populating structure with "tagged" data
-Commingle material from multiple data stores
-Multi-faceted display interface for query results

-Alternate discovery/query mechanisms (non-surrogated inquiry)
    -e.g., pattern recognition
-Alpha/beta release
-Commenting and review (hypothesis testing)
-Iterative re-development
-Human analysis of content

(pb1d4-38)
Theme 2:
Collaboration
-Definitions of :    -problem
            -interests
            -expertise
            -tasks
            -division of labor
-Interpersonal interactions
-Interaction tools
    -e.g., Community of Science profiles

Wish list - outstanding issues
-Prototyping tools
-Pattern recognition
-Data mining
-Visualization
-Export utility for 'snapshot'
-Generic flexible data storing w/minimal structure